UFO Fuel: Element 115
For those versed in the wacko fringe of UFOs (and yes, even within the fringe belief of UFOs there is a contingent so far out there as to be referred to as the wacko fringe of the fringe) the announcement of element 115 will raise few eyebrows.
For those not so versed you might recognize the name Bob Lazar.
Lazar claimed to have worked in 1988 and 1989 as a physicist at S4 allegedly located at Papoose Lake southwest of top secret Area 51 near Groom Dry Lake, Nevada. According to Lazar, S4 serves as a hidden military location for the study and research of extraterrestrial spacecraft, or flying saucers using reverse engineering. Lazar says he saw nine different extraterrestrial vehicles there and has provided detailed information on the mode of propulsion and other technical details of a disc-shaped vehicle he called the sport model.
Lazar’s credibility was challenged after it was discovered that “schools he was supposed to have attended had no record of him, while others in the scientific community had no memory of ever meeting him.” Lazar’s supporters counter that Lazar’s credentials and history were sabotaged to create the very questions of credibility his critics have emphasized.
So what about Element 15, also called Ununpentium?
For the propulsion of the studied vehicles, Bob Lazar claims that the atomic Element 115 served as a nuclear fuel. Element 115 (temporarily named “ununpentium” (symbol Uup)) reportedly provided an energy source which would produce anti-gravity effects under proton bombardment, along with antimatter for energy production. As the intense strong nuclear force field of Element 115′s nucleus would be properly amplified, the resulting large-scale gravitational effect would be a distortion or warp of space-time that would, in effect, greatly shorten the distance and travel time to a destination.
According to an article on PopSci.com
Theoretical Element 115 Exists, Study Confirms
Researchers confirm the existence of this synthetic element in a new accelerator study. Will it be enough to give ununpentium official recognition and a new name?
By Francie Diep Posted 08.27.2013
At the bottom right corner of the periodic table of elements, there are a handful of boxes that illustrators often color gray. The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry leaves out those boxes altogether, so that their periodic table looks a bit gap-toothed. The boxes are for elements that the IUPAC hasn’t yet confirmed actually exist.
Now, a new set of experiments backs up the discovery of one of those elements. An international team of physicists has synthesized an element with 115 protons in the GSI accelerator in Germany. This isn’t the first time a research group has synthesized the element, which has the temporary name of ununpentium (Latin for one-one-five, plus “-ium.”) A team of Russian and U.S. scientists first made ununpentium in the early 2000s and published a paper about it in 2006. However, at the time, the IUPAC didn’t consider that enough evidence to officially recognize—or name—ununpentium. The new GSI studies are another step toward official recognition.
Ununpentium in a Periodic Table of Elements: Detail of the periodic table by DePiep on Wikimedia Commons
Why do we say that people “synthesized” or “made” ununpentium, instead of saying people “found” it? Well, like other super-heavy elements, ununpentium can only exist when people perform experiments to create it. It’s an entirely synthetic element (ununpentium : elements :: polyester : fabrics?). You can’t just cook it up in any lab, either. The creation of elements heavier than uranium, which is the heaviest element to occur naturally on Earth and contains 92 protons, requires fusion reactions, nuclear reactions, or other highly specialized chemistry. Before ununpentium, the GSI accelerator had created six synthetic elements with more protons than uranium.
To make ununpentium, the team of physicists working at GSI bombarded a thin film of americium—another synthetic element, with 95 protons—with calcium ions, which have 20 protons each. The bombardment fuses the nuclei of the americium atoms with the nuclei of the calcium atoms to make a new, single, 115-proton nucleus. (See the very educational GIF on GSI’s “new elements” webpage.) Like all super-heavy, synthetic elements, ununpentium decays quickly. Atoms of ununpentium that researchers made for the 2006 announcement lasted just 30 to 80 milliseconds.
According to Lund University in Sweden, IUPAC members will now review the new confirmation of the 2006 work and decide whether it’s enough to merit official recognition for ununpentium. Lund researchers led the recent ununpentium experiments done at GSI. Meanwhile, the Lund team has published its findings in the journal Physical Review Letters.
Besides confirming cool theories in chemistry, work on synthetic elements helps researchers learn more about the process of fission in general, according to the U.S.’ Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. You’re unlikely to see ununpentium in even the most advanced gizmos of the future, however. So far, scientists have found practical applications only for synthetic elements with 100 or so protons or fewer.
Of course nothing about this discovery in any way lends support to Bob Lazar’s
delusions fanciful stories, and while it has always been theoretically possible to create many of these elements which do not occur in nature, doing so in the lab at this point only teaches us something about fusion. Nothing about UFOs.
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