I would like nothing more than the proof of various cryptids, alien civilizations, even alien visitors to be found. But that proof will come only through rigorous science and objective analysis, and by holding evidence to the highest standards of scrutiny. Born in south eastern Pennsylvania, i have found myself at one time or another living in Chicago, Cleveland, Raleigh-Durham, on the island of Kaua'i and finally landed on the Olympic Peninsula of Washington State. I have turned my hand to various professions from early work in 3d graphics to historic building restoration, carpentry and log home building to working in a bronze art foundry on the WWII Veterans Memorial. Currently I am a writer, script writer and working for a non profit organization called Empowerment Through Connection which is involved in equine assisted therapy for veterans, at risk teens and women.

According to Dr. Ketchum on her Facebook page:

Melba Ketchum
We just heard from some mtDNA geneticists and they have found uniqueness in our mtDNA findings that prove that 1. The data is real and couldn’t have been hoaxed 2. That it shows relatedness amongst a large percentage of the samples 3. Supports our hybridization theory 4. Supports our timeline. I am estatic. We are asking permission to make these findings public. As soon as we have it, we will post them.

So expect this article to be updated and check back for those findings.



We just received permission to post. There will most likely be a new paper come from this so we will not post the new findings but you will see enough of the proof to validate the paper. I am SO excited!!!!!


Here is an excerpt that Ketchum says appears in the evaluation. It is very technical but I think if you stick with it you will get the general meaning.

The following was a unsolicited commentary by A. John Marsh on a geaneology DNA page which scientis use to discuss mtDna origin. This is not the complete discussion . However it sums up the analysis.T2 BIGFOOTS FOUND IN 5 DIFFERENT STATES:Along with the fact that all Bigfoots seem to have several different mtDNA mutations from each other, they also are found in 5 different states. It suggests that if a single T2b human female mated with a Bigfoot male 13,000 years ago, that the descendants of the T2b ancestor have spread widely in USA since then.

AGE OF T2b:Web site
http://www.nature.com/srep/2012/121018/srep00745/full/srep00745.htmlIf T2b is 12-10kya, and T1/ T2 coalesced about 19kya, T2b might very roughly originate about 10,000 to 15,000 years ago.


One thing I noted was that all the 52 number diverse T2b haplogroup listed humans in the T2 project had a mutation 146T, but none of the Bigfoot had that mutation. It seems in fact that all T haplogroup have 146T. I am guessing that the earliest common ancestor of all Bigfoots had a back mutation on that marker to the CRS value.

Another thing I noticed was that all Bigfoots which appear to have been tested on the lower number markers, have mutation 73G. Yet not one of the
52 human mtDNA T2b persons had the mutation 73G. Why not? Was 73G a very early mutation in the Bigfoot line?

All the fully tested 4 Bigfoots had the 263G mutation, but not one single one of the 52 humans had 263G. Why not?

It seems all human T2bs have have 16187C and 16189T, but no bigfoots have either. In fact, all human haplgroup T are postive for both these mutations, so presumably in the common ancestor of all Bigfoots there was a mutation reverting to CRS.

According to the Ketchum knockers, all the mtDNA Haplotypes in her project are modern contamination. All of these Bigfoot haplotypes are different.
Isn’t it a bit puzzling that all of these humans mistaken as Bigfoot have different T2 mtDNA haplotypes, all have 73G and 263G mutations not found in humans, and all seem to have had back mutations on 146T, 16187C and 16189T, where these back mutations are apparently not found in any human T2b s?

Some bits of info to help with the terms above:

There are several references to a term T2b

According to Wikipedia
In human population genetics, mitochondrial (mtDNA) haplogroups define the major lineages of direct maternal (female) lines back to a shared common ancestor in Africa. In human genetics, Haplogroup T is a predominately Eurasian lineage.

CRS Value is also mentioned and refers to the Cambridge Reference Sequence

According to Wikipedia
The Cambridge Reference Sequence (CRS) for human mitochondrial DNA was first published in 1981 leading to the initiation of the human genome project.
When mitochondrial DNA sequencing is used for genealogical purposes, the results are usually reported as differences from the revised CRS. The CRS is a reference sequence rather than a record of the earliest human mtDNA. A difference between a tested sample and the CRS may have arisen in the lineage of the CRS or in the lineage of the tested sample.

In other Bigfoot News the Rick Dyer/Bigfoot corpse drama drags on with eerie echoes of the Bigfoot in a freezer incident.
According to Robert Lindsay The body has been examined by “government agents” to determine if Dyer should be charged with murder, the body is now being held at a government facility rather than an undisclosed university as stated in previous reports, and the body has a double row of teeth reminiscent of historical stories of unearthed giants with similar denture.

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  • ghosttheory

    Interesting. They’re speculating that a human and ‘Bigfoot’ mated 13,000 years ago and since then, their offspring have spread across the U.S.

    I’m not sure how (biologically speaking) something like that would happen. Cross-species mating isn’t a pretty or successful union most of the times.

    Can’t wait to hear what comes next on the Ketchum drama.

    Nice follow up!

  • Dung Shooken

    “Isn’t it a bit puzzling that all of these humans mistaken as Bigfoot
    have different T2 mtDNA haplotypes, all have 73G and 263G mutations not
    found in humans, and all seem to have had back mutations on 146T, 16187C
    and 16189T, where these back mutations are apparently not found in any
    human T2b s?”

    I’ve asked this same question many times.

  • > All the fully tested 4 Bigfoots had the 263G mutation, but not one single one of the 52 humans had 263G. Why not?

    He seems to be implying that because the sampled humans lack a 263G mutation, therefore anything with the mutation is non-human.


    “Ann Turner commented in a DNA-Cousins-L post that most people had the
    263G mutation so I went to the British Isles Project (1400+ mtDNA
    results but not all of them had both HVR1 & 2 results). Except for a
    few people in Haplogroup H, all the people in all haplogroups,
    including T, had the 263G mutation.”


    By Mr. Marsh’s logic, the UK is swarming with Bigfoot who, as a civic duty, submit DNA samples to scientists.

    If only our own Bigfoots were so considerate.

  • No, he is only comparing the samples used in the study.

  • IThinkso

    …from the, what has been crowd sourced, the information surrounding The Scripture, the alleged “Bigfoot”, look a like was last seen around Anti-Christ, somewhere on the island, which can also be interpreted as “British Isle”.

    As for any non-hoaxed proof in North America, the poster “Please don’t shy away from us”, can be a good start and is also not very technical, either!

  • Note regarding Dyer dead body: His stuff will be featured in a film that appears to be a “This is Spinal Tap” type mockumentary. http://www.hotdocs.ca//film/title/shooting_bigfoot

  • Dung Shooken

    Hey buddy, has anybody ever told you that you don’t make a DAMN BIT of sense?

  • I would not categorize the movie that way based on its description. They do compare it to “Blair Witch” but to my reading that is only because the filmmakers become party to the actual documentary rather than remaining outside of it.
    There is certainly a lot of rumor and controversy around this film and I have not received any response to several requests for comment so until it comes out we simply will not know. I wish I could make it to Tribeca or Hot Docs to see for myself.
    Thank you for the link.

  • Typically sterile, but Cro-Magnons and Neanderthals managed it, we do know that, so if the other unknown biped parent is/was no further separated from our ancestors than Neanderthals, who knows. It is certainly starting to look like this may be the case.

  • Wait, they aren’t having a press conference to release the information? What kind of bigfoot hunters are they?

  • John Marsh

    I am the John Marsh quoted on this. The quote was from an evolving discussion, and it was discovered that these 5 markers were ones affected by a change in reference sequence used by the test company. The Bigfoot results were reported using the old reference, and Genebank still uses the old reference. But some mtDNA databases now use the new reference sequence. If corrections are made for the reference sequence changes, these 5 markers are not as significant as they seemed.
    But having said that, I still think the alleged Bigfoots with mtDNA haplogroup T2b are quite significant, and when I get some free time, I want to study them more. The data seems consistent with a single mating of a T2b human female with a Bigfoot male around 10,000 to 15,000 years ago. My personal view is that this might have hapened in Europe or Asia before Bigfoot crossed the land bridge to America around 10,000 years ago, but that is just my guess at this stage.
    In tests recently of a European alleged Bigfoot, it has apparently also shown a T2b mtDNA. I think an in depth study of T2b alleged Bigffots would be very interesting.
    My personal opinion is that Melba Ketchum is on the right track with her conclusions. As more data becomes available from other studies these may find corroberating information to support the Ketchum study.

  • Always great to hear from an expert, especially one that is well informed about the topic at hand. Thank you very much for your comment.

  • IThinkso